1. "Vasile Pogor" House

Museum Address: 4 Vasile Pogor Street, phone: 145760

The 'Vasile Pogor' House is the headquarters of the museum of the modern and contemporary Romanian literature, especially the period of the great classics, of the literary society 'Junimea'. The house was built in 1850 by the high official Vasile Pogor together with his wife Zoe. This date is written on a hexagonal stone found after the diggings carried out for restoration, where the Cyrillic letters legend reads: 'V. Pogor 1850 and his wife Zoe'. The building has a rich long history connected to the Iasi cultural life as it is a place where the intellectuality of the city used to meet, the headquarters of the literary society 'Junimea' (1863) and of the review 'Literary Discussions' (1867). Among the famous personalities who used to attend the Junimea society we first remind the five founders: Titu Maiorescu, Vasile Pogor, P. P. Carp, Th. Rosetti, Jacob Negruzzi, then Mihai Eminescu, Ion Creanga, I. L. Caragiale, Ion Slavici, Vasile Alecsandri, Vasile Conta, A. D. Xenopol, N. Gane, a.s.o.

The museum was inaugurated on the 26th of December 1972. The museum itself is made up of twelve rooms of the permanent exhibition and an adjoining building inaugurated in 1994, supposed to protect the entrance to the Pogor House catacombs, restored between 1993 and 1994. They comprise corridors with two-storey ramifications (dating from the 18th and 19th centuries). Here functioned the so-called cultural club 'Junimea', which houses the activities organised by the Iasi Romanian Literature Museum: conferences during the evenings of the review 'Literary Dacia' (reissued by the Iasi Romanian Literature Museum), the literary society 'Junimea', workshops, anniversaries, commemorations of the Romanian cultural personalities, meetings with Romanian or foreign writers, presentations, book and literary reviews launching, music shows, art exhibition inaugurations.

Vasile Pogor sold the building and its surrounding park to Maria Moruzzi Cuza, mother of the future historian Gh. I. Bratianu (son of prime minister I. I. C. Bratianu, maker of the Great Unification of the Romanian States after world war one and disciple of N. Iorga). After 1906 the house has undergone some changes. After world war two the building functioned as headquarters for various institutions, then it was restored to house the Literature Museum.

The first part of the museum tackles the personalities of the two great owners of the house: Vasile Pogor, Junimea member and Gh. Bratianu, a historian and politician. Then there is the illustration of the beginnings of modern Romanian literature. Among the precious exhibits we remind: ' The Chronicle of the Moldavian Country' by Nicolae Costin, copied by Al. Beldiman, 1825; 'Heniada' by Voltaire, translated by Vasile Pogor (the high official), Bucharest, 1838; 'The Grammar' by I. Vacarescu, Vienna, 1787; 'Luck's Pawn' translated by Lazar Asachi (father of scholar Gh. Asachi), Iasi, 1816.

  • Presentation of the revolutionary and unionist age, 'Literary Dacia' (1840), personalities and literary works related to the group of the mentioned review. Precious exhibits: C. Negruzzi, 'Bailiff Purice', Iasi, 1837; 'Mary Tudor' and 'Angelo, tyrant of Padova' by Victor Hugo, translated by C. Negruzzi, Iasi, 1837; 'Almanack of Learning and Feast' by M. Kogalniceanu, Berlin, 1854; 'Chronicle of the Moldavian Country', Iasi, 1845 - 1852.

  • "Junimea" society; the moment of the founding, 'Folk Lectures', the review 'Literary Discussions', Junimea writers, works. Precious exhibits: 'Literary Discussions', first year, 1867 - 1868; 'Critiques' by T. Maiorescu, Bucharest, 1874 (the copy belonged to Junimea member Th. Burada); 'Literary Discussions', no. 4/70, 5/76, 7/75, 7/78 (marking the debut of the great Junimea members Eminescu, Creanga, Caragiale, Slavici); 'poems', by Mihai Eminescu (first edition, Bucharest, 1884).

  • The hall 'Junimea' reconstitutes the Junimea atmosphere from the age of the meetings in V. Pogor's house, between 1863 and 1885 and displays the original epoch objects belonging to the Junimea members: T. Maiorescu, Jacob Negruzzi, I. M. Melik, Nicolae Culianu, Duiliu Zamfirescu. We should mention: tapestry from the 19th century, made in Vienna, 'Steinway' piano, crystal mirror from the 19th century belonging to I. L. Caragiale.

  • The last section of the museum is dedicated to the Romanian literature of Bessarabia and Bukovina, then the contemporary one, represented iconographically, with rare issues, original manuscripts and objects belonging to the writers. Since 1994 the museum building has been under restoration. The permanent exhibition will undergo a new reorganisation, and the museum will reenter the Iasi museum circuit by 1998.

Other images: [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]


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