The Dacian Settlement of Brad

Beginning with the fourth exhibition hall, we display the main samples discovered in one of the largest Dacian settlements in Moldavia - the Dacian city of Brad, where our specialists have been working for almost four decades.

Among the rare objects we point out: several Dacian cups with one or two beautifully adorned handles, the cups worked at the wheel, the two handled pots, the Greek imitations, the shields - some of them very rare, being linked to those discovered in the west of the country - at Piscolt, the Greek amphoras of the Cos type or the imitations of the adorned cups from the Delos island.

A wide range of iron, bone, stone tools and ceramics proves the development stage of the society from the 4th - 2nd centuries BC.

Further on, other objects of the same big Dacian settlement of Brad, among which: spurs and harness parts, outstandingly those with metallic inlay, painted ceramics, brooches, Greek and Roman amphoras, lids, cups, plates worked on the wheel, imitations of Greek craters, an impressive number of iron, bronze and silver items; agricultural tools including beautiful bone sickles with a hooking hole, fine import ceramics etc. Also the parts of a cart are remarkable, as they are unique in the material culture of the Dacians.

The site photographs are meant to stress the message of the exhibits and make it easier to understand. They are also relevant for some special elements regarding the defensive construction system of this Dacian city, taking into account that they are unique in the material culture of the Dacians. There are the entrenchment of the defending ditch with a wooden construction, beams set perpendicularly on the slope of the defending ditch, poles thrust in the earth in the area of the acropolis, with pointed ends which prevented the riders to enter the city, as well as a drawbridge, raised during attacks from outside. On the site photographs, the traces of poles made of simple wood and earth stockade surrounding the acropolis are easy to identify.

We remark a wide range of shapes and ornamental work in Dacian painted ceramics - the highest number of samples of the entire Dacian world, several imitations of Greek and Roman motifs, many import vases, some of them beautifully adorned in a Greek or Roman style, a wide range of brooches, bone tools and jewelry , among which we remark the bone pipes, a little make-up box (there is still in it a petrified product), tools for rope knitting, arrow pointed ends, iron tools and weapons, jewelry, glass vases, brought from the Roman Empire, fragments of mica ceramics, which prove the links with the Dacian world in the mountains, where this type of ceramics is found, interesting fragments of religious objects, some of them, with extremely beautiful and interesting animal protomes.

Further on, materials belonging to the next period, the 2nd - 3rd centuries AD, discovered in the big cemeteries from Valeni - Botesti, Sabaoani, Izvoare - Bahna, Butnaresti, Gabara - Moldoveni, Brad, etc., as well as from other settlements from the same period, researched by the specialists of our museum, are displayed.

It is worth mentioning the Roman coins hoards, discovered in the Roman city area, displayed in several windows, a beautiful lot of decorative harness parts, of Roman style, discovered at Sabaoani, many of them silver plated; the beautiful small two-handled amphoras of the free Dacians, characteristic of this population, the pots decorated with simple or alveolate rope mouldings; the three-handled tureens, the bowls or beautiful fruit dishes worked on the wheel. The vast majority belong to the mentioned necropolis, but above all, to the largest necropolis of the free Dacians of the whole area inhabited by them, the Valeni - Botesti one, where over 630 tombs were discovered. The rich collection of our museum is the most representative.

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