The history of Roman

(Upper Floor Exhibition)

The first hall on the upper floor is allotted to presenting the beginning of the town of Roman, by displaying materials discovered in the two earlier citadels - the wood and earth one - and in the new Roman City - the stone one.

The first six windows of this hall shelter many material traces discovered in this city, outstandingly a beautiful decorated grey ceramics, worked on the wheel , by stamping, with Gothic sign motifs, attributed to a Saxon population or a garrison defending the city, of Saxon origin. It is remarkable that the town of Roman possesses the richest range of such finds from all over the country and even from a large region of Europe. The exhibition includes the most beautiful sample of this category - a rather big cup with a three- cusped mouth and decorated with the mentioned motifs. It is interesting and peculiar that the researches carried out in the Roman surroundings led to the discovery of many such vases; it is true that the decoration differs, but the shape is identical, some of them in the very ceramics furnace, which proves that they were manufactured in the area. Most of them were discovered at Traian, Brad and Tamaseni. Some samples are also of a reddish paste.

From the 14th and the beginning of the 15th centuries are also displayed in the exhibition other beautiful materials discovered in Roman and different surroundings; it is worth mentioning the beautiful silver earring of Byzantine inspiration, discovered at Sabaoani, unique in the mediaeval culture of Moldavia, ceramics, jewelry, tools and terra-cotta, proving a rather high standard of the population in the area, if we think of these stoves made in earth houses, in villages.

A large number of documents on the participation of the Roman inhabitants in the most important events from the end of the 19th century, including the 1859 Unification of the Romanian Principalities, when the town of Roman through the Unionist Committee, but also through the presence of personalities supporting the Unification Act, fully contributed. There are, among others, some emblems of this struggle, like those of the Unification Oak, the Unification Square, where they danced 'hora' in 1859, photos of a few personalities linked to this Roman struggle - Vasile Alecsandri, M. Kogalniceanu, Ion Stefanescu - The Romanian, Alecu Russo, Ion Vasile Levarda, Costin Braiescu, Dimitrie Matcas, Ion Ionescu of Brad.

The original objects connected to the activity of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza (1859 - 1866), as for instance, a chair with the family emblem, unit measurements from that time, various other objects complete the image about the struggle for unification .

The last hall on the upper floor, the seventh, presents the economic development of the town at the beginning of the 20th century, the appearance of the sugar factory in 1900, of the army arsenal and other bigger or smaller industrial units.

The World War I contribution of the town of Roman, both through the troops participating in this fight, but above all through several local personalities, like Commander C. Popa, from whom we have a few beautiful objects on display and a few heroes who did their duty for achieving Great Romania. The exhibition is ended by a few samples from the World War I fight of Roman's inhabitants.

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