Neacșu the Merchant:
Trade Relations with Brașov City
14th - 16th centuries
During the 14th - 16th centuries, the economic relationships between Moldavia, Wallachia and Transylvania were very intense.
This fact is due to their economic development and to their position along the commercial transit roads that connected at that time the Western and the Central Europe to the Danube's mouths and to the Black Sea; these roads were used to transport the handicraft wares - cloths, tools, weapons, "small goods" from the Low Countries, Germany, Czechia and the Eastern wares - spices, woven materials, adornment objects from the Far and Near East to the West.
The ware exchange between Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania produced a strong economic interdependence of the three countries.
The commercial relationships between the three countries, including
the transit trade, were made especially in the three great handicraft
and trade centres on the Transylvanian border: Sibiu, Brașov and Bistrita.
Their economic development, trade privileges and favourable geographical
setting provided them with the possibility of playing an important role
in the economic relationships. Specification: regarding the trade trans-Carpathian
relations, Sibiu was oriented nearly only toward Wallachia, Bistrița
only toward Moldavia; by its geographical setting, in the south-eastern
part of Transylvania, Brașov had close trade relations with both Wallachia
Subsequently, Brașov had the economic role of common market for the
three Romanian principalities and of meeting place for the Wallachian,
Moldavian and Transylvanian traders.
Brașov was a market for the natural Moldo-Wallachian products, a
centre supplying Wallachia and Moldavia with handicraft and agricultural
tools and weapons. Here we see how the personalities of that time
understood the economic importance of Wallachia for Brașov and Țara
Bârsei - we have the letter of the great Wallachian home minister Stanila,
in which he wrote to the inhabitants of Brașov: "you know very well
that you could not live without us, just as well as your country could
not live without our country". There are some more revealing facts:
in the beginning of the 16th century, the trade rate between Brașov,
Wallachia and Moldavia raised up to 167,000 gold ducats, according to
the account book of 1554; by the half of the 16th century, according
to the account book of 1554, 1070 merchants from 171 localities from
Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania, met in Brașov and effectuated
Even the fight for the market, from the 15th - 16th centuries, between the Brașov traders and the Moldo-Wallachian ones, was one of the melting economic purposes manifestation forms. For example, around 1431 - 1432, Vlad Dracul, claimant to the Wallachian throne at that time, asked permission from the Brașov traders to ban the Moldavian traders of having commercial activity in Brașov, because of his wares that had been confiscated in Moldavia.
Thus, Brașov became the main axis of the economic relationships that existed between the three countries; during the 15th - 16th centuries it gained the role of common market, being the first constitutive element of the internal developing market of the other Romanian Principalities.
Radu Manolescu, Comerțul Țării Românești și Moldovei cu Brașovul
(Secolele XIV - XVI),
By the half of the 16th century, in 1550, Georg Reichersdoffer righteously characterised Brașov as "the main market of the neighbouring countries and a common sale place of all sorts of goods"; in 1565, Giovannandrea Gromo said that Brașov is a "meeting place for all the neighbouring countries, a common wares market".