The Gumelniţa Culture in Western Muntenia

The Gumelniţa Culture Settlements in Western Muntenia

by Radian Romus Andreescu, Pavel Mirea, Ştefan Apopei

          The Gumelniţa culture settlements in West Muntenia, in the area of the Vedea and Teleorman river basins were little known until a decade ago. A few materials from the settlements of Balaci and Licuriciu were mentioned as early as the inter-war period, while relatively scarce archaeological researches were conducted at Zâmbreasca, Ciolanestii din Deal and Blejesti.
          Recent researches proved that the west area of the Gumelniţa civilization was intensely inhabited, as evidenced by the high number of tell type settlements existing here. In his paper on the county of Teleorman, priest I. Spiru mentions almost 80 such settlements. During the last years an identification and mapping program for these tells was initiated, and until now almost 40 were checked in the field. Those entailed a few preliminary observations on the tell type settlements uncovered in this area.(details*)

*details in Romanian

The Eneolithic Settlement of Vitaneşti, County of Teleorman

by Radian Romus Andreescu

          The Eneolithic settlement is situated in the village of Vitaneşti, commune of Purani, about 7 km north-east from Alexandria. In that area the Teleorman river valley is about 1 km wide, bordered to the south-west by a high terrace, while the north-east terrace goes down in a slow slope towards the meadow. Close to the latter terrace, protected by it from the north and east there is the tell type settlement, relatively oval shaped with diameters in the 40 x 45 m upper part and a 6.5 m height (Figs. 1, 2).(details)

General Considerations on the Multidisciplinary Archaeological Researches on the Neajlov Valley

by Cătălin Bem

          The area we are interested in is bordered to the south by the confluence of the Neajlov with the Dâmbovnic, and to the north, although relatively subjective, by the general 100 m level curve. Geomorphologically the region is exceptionally well individualized, next to the Neajlov meadow and terraces between the two natural borders, the unitary area is outlined also by the inter-river between the Neajlov and Dâmbovnic and the meadow of the latter, about 4 km upstream the confluence. Thus we have the situation of some stable Gumelniţa settlements (tells) located about 1-2 km one from the other. Whether they were contemporary or there are successive swarming with more or less periodical returns to the same place is harder to say for the time being.(details)